Overview of LNG Project Agreements and Trends (VIRTUAL CLASSROOM) - LPAT 

CPE Credits Awarded: 4
Categories: The Natural Gas Industry , LNG, Virtual Classroom Courses



Overview of LNG Project Agreements and Trends is a VIRTUAL classroom course presented by the energy training experts at Mennta Energy Solutions.

This course will look at the context of the LNG Sales and Purchase Agreement (SPA) in relation to other Agreements in an LNG project.  The purpose and parties involved will be outlined for GSA/PDA/SPA/shipping arrangements and terminal agreements. The timescale, stages of negotiation, risks and mitigations will be detailed.  We will also dive into the role of the LNG SPA in the commercial environment and its relevance as the LNG industry is changing.

This virtual solution is comprised of two live instructor-led sessions hosted on state-of-the-art training software with video, audio, chat, live polls, breakout sessions and much more!  The program will also include several self-study assignments to maximize the time with the instructor.


  • New entrants to the LNG industry
  • Managers in specific areas of the LNG chain requiring a broader knowledge of the sales and purchase agreements
  • Professional personnel interacting with LNG sales and purchase agreements who need to understand them in more depth
  • Anyone who needs to understand current LNG project sales and purchase agreement trends


Prerequisite to Session 1 Self-Study Assignment: 30 Minutes On-Demand

  • Overview of LNG Project Agreements and Trends Pre-Study
    • Introduction to agreements in an LNG project
    • Introduction to the SPA
    • Operating provisions of the SPA
    • Quantity and Force Majeure provisions in the SPA
    • SPA contract pricing
    • Master Sales Agreement and Trends in LNG SPAs

Virtual Instructor-Led Session 1: 2 Hours

  • Overview of the Agreement structure – the interrelationship between the Agreements
  • Basic description of the Agreements (GSA/PDA/SPA/shipping arrangements, terminal Agreements) – outline of purpose and parties involved
  • Drivers of the various parties as these relate to an LNG SPA
  • Stages of negotiation and their relevance (LOI/HOA/SPA) – timescales involved
  • Risks and mitigations across the value chain
  • Exercise
    • Identification of risks and mitigations

Virtual Instructor-Led Session 2: 2 Hours

  • Negotiating drivers for buyer and seller – who are the buyers/sellers? Trends and developments where portfolio players are becoming buyers and sellers
  • Recap of  main LNG SPA provisions (If we can we assume that they will have covered this just prior to the session then this can be about issues arising as questions from the delegates)
  • LNG SPA in various commercial structures (JV sales, development of LNG portfolios and US LNG sales) –
  • Role of LNG SPA  in project financing and impact on investment
  • Long term versus short term (LNG SPA versus MSA). The need for common terms and conditions to facilitate short term trades.
  • LNG trading – what is required – liquidity in the value chain, emergence of new players.  Role of shipping. Constraints to trading
  • Market drivers – the role of LNG in the major consuming markets (Asia/Europe/Americas), pricing signals and impact on LNG diversions
  • Exercise
    • Provisions of an LNG SPA


Malcolm Johnson has more than 30 years experience at Shell in the natural gas/LNG sector. He was Strategy and Planning Manager in the United Kingdom and Germany during the period of gas liberalisation in Europe. Malcolm has been involved in the development of a number of LNG projects including over 13 years on the Sakhalin LNG project from its inception to final investment decision involving the full range of commercial activities including governance, marketing, LNG contract negotiations and technical/ commercial interface management. He has also provided commercial advice on the Elba LNG receiving terminal expansion, floating LNG, LNG contracts and project development assurance. He is a recognised subject matter expert on commercial LNG matters. Malcolm is now a Director of eMJay LNG Limited providing expert advice and consulting services to the natural gas/LNG industries.

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Mennta Energy Solutions (formerly The Oxford Princeton Programme, Inc.) is not affiliated with Princeton University, Oxford University, or Oxford University Press.